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Donnish Journal of Agricultural Research

May 2016 Vol. 3(2), pp. 013-016 ISSN: 2984-8938

Copyright 2016 Donnish Journals




Original Research Article


A Survey of Mushrooms in two Local Government Areas of Ekiti State, Nigeria


Adedeji Olayinka Adebiyi* and Hannah Oluwatoyin Yakubu

Department of Plant Science, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria 36001, Nigeria

Corresponding Author's Email: djadebiyi@yahoo.com

Accepted 29th April, 2016.



Abstract


A survey on mushroom occurrence was carried out in Ado and Ikere local government areas of Ekiti State, Nigeria. The collected mushrooms were taxonomically identified. Out of a total of 109 samples, 19 species were obtained out of which 11 are edible while 8 are inedible. The edible ones include Schizophyllum commune Fr;Fr., Polyporus spp. P. Micheli ex Adans., Lentinus squarrosulus (Mont.), Termitomyces robustus (Beeli) Heim., Psathyrella candolleana Fr;Fr., Lactinus piperatus Linn., Lentinus tuber-regium (Fr) Singer, Termitomyces mammiformis F., Hydnochaete spp D. Davis., Agaricus campestris L. and Lentinus sajo-caju Fr. while the inedible ones are Auricularia spp. Bull., Chlorophyllum spp. (Massee)., Trichaptum biforme (Fr)., Ganoderma applanatum (Pers)., Coprinus nivenus Fr., Cyathus spp. Haller., Geastrum spp. Pers. and Stereum spp. (Willd.) Pers. These mushrooms were distributed among different substrates which include soils, bark of trees, dead wood/trees and dead leaves. The cap size and stipe length of the mushrooms were also determined. The average cap size ranged from 3.00cm in Psathyrella candolleama to 24.9cm in Trichaptum biforme while the average stipe length ranged from 1.20cm in Hydnochaete spp. to 15.60cm in Termitomyces mammiformis. Stipes were absent in Auricularia spp., Trichaptum biforme, Ganoderma applanatum and Geastrum spp. Variations were also observed in the cap colour, cap shape, stipe colour, stipe shape and gills of the mushrooms. Annulus was absent in all the mushrooms except Agaricus campestris. The rich diversity of mushrooms in the two local government areas of Ekiti State, Nigeria suggests huge socio-economic potential.

Keywords: Mushrooms, Occurrence, Edible mushrooms, Inedible mushrooms, Ekiti State.

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Cite This Article:

Adedeji Olayinka Adebiyi and Hannah Oluwatoyin Yakubu. A Survey of Mushrooms in two Local Government Areas of Ekiti State, Nigeria. Donnish Journal of Agricultural Research 3(2) 2016 pp. 013-016.


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