SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Donnish Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

February 2018 Vol. 4(1), pp. 001-008

Copyright 2018 Donnish Journals




Original Research Paper


The Prevalence of Impacted Third Molars and their Associated Pathologies in Adult Patients


Mohammed Ogayel Al-Ogayel1, Nawaf Abdulellah Al-Suliman1, Omar Abdulaziz Al-Foraih1, Yousef Mohammed Al-Ziyadi1, Abdullah Sager Al-Sadoon1, Zuhair Moosa2 and Shahzeb Hasan Ansari3*

1Dental Interns, Riyadh Elm University, KSA.
2Lecturer Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Riyadh Elm University, KSA.
3Lecturer Preventive Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, KSA.

Corresponding Author's E-mail: shahzebhasan@riyadh.edu.sa

Accepted 8th February, 2018.



Abstract


Aim: To analyse the type of impaction in impacted third molars in an adult population aged between 20 and 40 years. Background: Third molars or the wisdom teeth develop in the permanent dentition as an extension of the dental lamina posterior to the second molar. Most of the time, they are completely impacted or partially impacted. The impacted third molars are extracted if they are associated with pain, swelling and/or other pathologies. Early extraction of impacted third molars is recommended to prevent dental caries in adjacent second molars and to prevent formation of other pathologies like cysts and/or tumours. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study using the patients' radiographs and looking for impacted teeth. Results: It showed that there are statistically significant differences between classifications of impaction with regards to the type of impaction (p-value less than 0.05), where buccolingual cases were mostly in class III. Most of the cases of distoangular, horizontal, mesioangular, and vertical cases are in class II. Conclusion: The present study concludes that vertical impaction was the most common type of impaction and buccolingual impaction was the least common.

Keywords: Impaction, Third molar, Prevalence.

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Cite This Article:

The Prevalence of Impacted Third Molars and their Associated Pathologies in Adult Patients. Donnish Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene 4(1) 2018 pp. 001-008.


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