Donnish Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment

December 2015 Vol. 2(1), pp. 006-011

Copyright © 2015 Donnish Journals

Original Research Article

Woodfuel Business as a Source of Livelihood in Makurdi Local Government Area, Central Nigeria

Hilakaan E. I. and Ogwuche J. A.*

Department of Geography, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria

Corresponding Author E-mail:

Accepted 20th December, 2014.


Prompted by an observation that many people in the study area are selling firewood and charcoal, and thus relying so much on trees for their survival, this study sets out to assess the role of woodfuel business as a source of livelihood in Makurdi L.G.A. of Benue State, Central Nigeria. Using survey design, data for the study was obtained from the field through questionnaire and structured interviews. Descriptive statistical methods, as well as Pearsonís Product Moment Correlation technique were used in analyzing the data. Results showed that people of diverse socio-economic status are involved in the business both in full and part time basis, as the business in the area serves both as primary and secondary sources of livelihood to the people. This is evidenced in the business yielding 99.8% to income in the area, an average of N3,600 per month. With this, they can attend to their pressing needs, hence reducing their poverty. Woodfuel is produced in the rural fringes of the L.G.A, with preferred tree species such as Prosopis Africana Terminalia ivorenses, Isoberlina doka Erythrophelum suavalens and Sysgium guineese. The study, therefore recommends the establishment of wood development programme to sustain this business, as well as urging the government to provide alternative cooking fuels such as kerosene, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) and electricity to reduce over dependence on woodfuel.

Keywords: Woodfuel, Livelihood, Socio-economic Characteristics.

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Cite This Article:

Hilakaan E. I. and Ogwuche J. A. Woodfuel Business as a Source of Livelihood in Makurdi Local Government Area, Central Nigeria. Donnish Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment. 2(1) 2015 pp. 006-011.

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