Donnish Journal of Educational Research and Reviews

May 2015 Vol. 2(4), pp. 053-060

Copyright © 2015 Donnish Journals

Original Research Article

Emerging Careers and Professions and their Implications for Technical and Vocational Education and Training in the 21st Century

Manabete S. S.1* and Bobboi Umar2

1Academic Planning Unit, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola, Nigeria. 2The Rectorate, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola, Nigeria.

Corresponding Author E-mail:

Accepted 4th April, 2015.


One fundamental problem bedevilling global career initiatives is for existing careers to meet global demands for employment. A key answer to this problem lies in career redefinition and expansion for adequately meeting developmental and employment challenges. Existing career occupations such as electrician, office manager, auto-mechanics and professional photographer, appear to be thinning in with regard to market opportunities. There is need therefore, for career opening and expansion in other areas of human endeavour so as to deal with employment challenges. It is clear that technological knowledge production which utilizes skilled manpower has been concentrated in industrialized countries of the world. Developing countries like Ghana and Nigeria are lagging behind in this stride. But rather than struggle to ‘catch up’ with the industrialized nations, developing countries need to look inwards, build on existing indigenous knowledge systems, deploying science, technology and innovation in specific areas where they have comparative advantage, and then develop viable career occupations for citizens. In the 21st century, limitations in existing career opportunities have given rise to emerging careers in agriculture, eco-tourism, eco-design, recycling, pollution control and alternative energy sources, among others. What all this implies for technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is that TVET institutions need to explore and share information about innovative teaching and learning methods in areas like re-orientation of TVET curricula, renewable energy programmes and innovative approaches to integrating learning in TVET with on-the-job training and community services. TVET should empower people to contribute to economically sound sustainable development through chosen occupations and other fields of endeavour. Similarly, it contributes to societal goals and then develops the potential of individuals for active participation in the establishment and implementation of goals, irrespective of race, religion and age.

Keywords: Unemployment, emerging career, profession, technical and vocational education, training.

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Cite This Article:

Manabete S. S. and Bobboi Umar. Emerging Careers and Professions and their Implications for Technical and Vocational Education and Training in the 21st Century. 2(4) 2015 pp. 053-060.

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