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Donnish Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology

October 2015 Vol. 1(1), pp. 001-005

Copyright 2015 Donnish Journals




Original Research Paper


Cytogenetic and Y Chromosome Microdeletions Screening in Tunisian Infertile Men


Moez Kdous1*, Fethi Zhioua1, Amel Zhioua1, A. Gaied3 and G. Merdassi1,2

1Center of Reproductive Biology, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Aziza Othmana Hospital, Medicine School of Tunis, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunisia.
2Laboratory of genetics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Monastir. Tunisia.
3Laboratory of Genetics, Immunology and Human Pathology, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, Tunisia.

Corresponding Author E-mail: kdousmoez@gmail.com

Accepted 7th July, 2015.



Abstract


Aim: Chromosome abnormalities evaluation and Y chromosome microdeletions screening prior to assisted reproduction have an important interest in preserving future generations of genetic risks. The primary aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities and microdeletions on Yq chromosome in Tunisian infertile men with severe oligozoospermia or non obstructive azoospermia. Secondary to correlate Yq microdeletions with testicular sperm extraction results and cytological evaluation. Methods: In this prospective study, Eighty-four infertile patients and 52 controls were screened for karyotypic abnormalities and Yq chromosome microdeletions. Results: No chromosome abnormalities and no microdeletions were detected in controls. Seven infertile males (8.3%) carried chromosomal abnormalities and 8 (9.5%) presented Y chromosome microdeletions. The frequency of chromosome abnormalities in azoospermic patients was 11.1% vs 3.3% in severe oligozzospermic group. The frequency of microdeletions was 11.1% in the azoospermic group and 6.7% in the severe oligozoospermic group. Six out of 84 (71.4%) of the infertile patients had microdeletions in the AZFc region (4 azoospermic and 2 severe oligozoospermic males), 1 azoospermic male (10%) in the AZFb,c regions and one in AZFb, no deletions in the AZFa region were detected. Among the 6 azoospermic patients with microdeletions: 4 had Sertoly cell only syndrome (SCOS) and 2 had maturation arrest (MA). Conclusion: Genetic abnormalities and Yq microdeletions in infertile Tunisian patients are frequent and similar to those reported in other countries. The knowledge of the existence of genetic abnormalities and microdeletions is useful to provide a correct diagnosis of male infertility, it allows the physician to refer the patient to adequate assisted reproduction technique and examine the value of testicular biopsy pertinence.

Keywords: Infertility, Y chromosome microdeletions, AZF, Azoospermia, Oligozoospermia.

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Cite This Article:

Moez Kdous, Fethi Zhioua, Amel Zhioua, A. Gaied, G. Merdassi. Cytogenetic and Y Chromosome Microdeletions Screening in Tunisian Infertile Men. Donnish Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology 1(1) 2015 pp. 001-005.


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