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Donnish Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

March 2015 Vol. 2(2), pp. 005-010

Copyright 2015 Donnish Journals




Original Research Paper


Expressed Emotion and the Significant Contacts among Schizophrenic Out-patients


Raphael Emeka Ogbolu and Adebayo Rasheed Erinfolami

Department of Psychiatry, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, 6, Harvey Road, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria

Corresponding Author E-mail: emexxy@yahoo.com

Accepted 11th March, 2015.



Abstract


The role of significant contact of those suffering from emotional disorders is important in terms of quality and quantity of the contact they have especially in relation to relapse and outcome. Aim: To study the relationship between expressed emotion and the significant contacts of patients with schizophrenia. Methodology: All eligible subjects meeting the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) diagnostic criteria of schizophrenia were serially recruited and evaluated using a general sociodemographic questionnaire and the Level of Expressed Emotion (LEE) scale. Results: The majority of the significant contacts were aged 30-49 years (SD=11.6), and were slightly more female, and mostly first-degree relatives especially mothers. High expressed emotion was commoner among the spouses. Only 16.0% of the contacts were distressed using the GHQ scores. Conclusion: Female significant contacts, especially mothers, play a pivotal role in caring for the mentally ill and as such should be targeted for interventional support services. Also, hours of contact seem not to be a strong determinant of high expressed emotion in this environment, all deserving of further studies.

Keywords: Expressed emotion, Schizophrenia, Significant contact, Hours of contact.

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Cite This Article:

Raphael Emeka Ogbolu and Adebayo Rasheed Erinfolami. Expressed Emotion and the Significant Contacts among Schizophrenic Out-patients. Donnish Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 2(2) 2015 pp. 005-010.


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