SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Donnish Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

August 2016 Vol. 3(4), pp. 015-018

ISSN: 2984-8660

Copyright 2016 Donnish Journals




Original Research Article


Construction and Validation of a Visual Instrument for the Evaluation of Pain Intensity and Location of Pain in Traumatic Brachial Plexopathy in Adults


Celia Maria Oliveira1, Jose Augusto Malheiros2*, Marcelo Magaldi de Oliveira3, Dacle Vilma Carvalho4, Selme Silqueira de Matos5 and Cassia Maria de Oliveira Mercadante6

1Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Nursing Faculty, Belo Horizonte/MG, Brazil.
2Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Neurosurgery Department, Belo Horizonte/MG, Brazil.
3Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Neurosurgery Department, Belo Horizonte/MG, Brazil.
4Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Nursing Faculty, Belo Horizonte/MG, Brazil.
5Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Nursing Faculty, Belo Horizonte/MG, Brazil.
6University Center of Brasilia (UNICEUB), Psychology Department, Brasilia/DF, Brazil.

Corresponding Author's Email: joseaugustomalheiros@gmail.com

Accepted 12th August, 2016.



Abstract


Background: In brachial plexus injury, pain is a prevalent symptom and requires careful handling. Existing scales to evaluate such pain are inaccurate and difficult to apply. Objective: To construct a visual instrument with a color scale for the location and measurement of pain intensity in adults with brachial plexopathy. Methods and results: A total of 53 patients were evaluated between December 2010 and December 2011 at the Felicio Rocho Hospital (Hospital Felicio Rocho) and Clinical Hospital, Federal University of Minas Gerais (Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais UFMG). Forty-seven patients (88.7%) had pain and agreed to participate. The 47 diagrams colored by patients were evaluated and compared by three peripheral nerve specialists. After examining and defining the patients' injuries, the diagrams were compared to evaluate their reliability. The reliability index was 98.6%, and the Kappa index agreements were as follows: k = 0.677 for upper trunk (substantial agreement); k = 0.709 for middle trunk (substantial agreement); k = 0.884 for lower trunk (excellent agreement); and k = 0.500 for full injury (moderate agreement). Conclusion: The visual instrument was useful in locating and measuring pain intensity in patients with brachial plexopathy.

Keywords: Brachial Plexopathy, Pain, Pain Intensity, Visual Instrument Scale.

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Cite This Article:

Celia Maria Oliveira, Jose Augusto Malheiros, Marcelo Magaldi de Oliveira, Dacle Vilma Carvalho, Selme Silqueira de Matos and Cassia Maria de Oliveira Mercadante. Construction and Validation of a Visual Instrument for the Evaluation of Pain Intensity and Location of Pain in Traumatic Brachial Plexopathy in Adults. Donnish Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 3(4) 2016 pp. 015-018.


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