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Donnish Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

April 2019 Vol. 4(2), pp. 007-010

Copyright © 2019 Donnish Journals




Original Research Article


Types, Experience and Associated Factors of Anemia among Pregnant Women - 2018


Faiza A.N1* and Saadia A.G2

1Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing Sciences, University of Khartoum.
2Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Alneelain University.

Corresponding Author's E-mail: fanasr@uofk.edu

Accepted 6th March, 2019.



Abstract


Background: Anemia during pregnancy is a commonly encountered public health problem mainly in developing countries including Sudan. It causes serious concern besides adverse symptoms to exaggerate the problem. Moderate and severe anemia is associated with an increased maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine types, experience and associated factors of anemia among pregnant women. Methods: A descriptive hospital-based study conducted at Omdurman Military Hospital among 177 anemic pregnant women admitted to antenatal wards. Data were collected by a structured interview questionnaire, and analyzed with suitable statistical methods. Result: Predominant age group was 20-40 years. Their educational level varies from no regular education, elementary or secondary school and university levels (33%, 42%, and 25%) respectively. Majority in the third trimester 87%.Types of anemia based on WHO criteria were moderate and severe (86% and 14%) respectively. UTI, malaria, and bleeding found among (76%, 44%, and 42%) respectively. Lack of adequate intake and bad nutritional habits found among 72% of them. More than75% multi and grand multiparous, approximately half of them experience cesarean section and 10% had preterm labor. History of previous anemia, malaria, and use of family planning methods were (41%, 36%, and 36%) respectively. There is a significant association between anemia and multiparous and low income with p-value = (0.002 and 0.009) respectively. Pregnant women have agood level of knowledge about sign and symptoms of anemia but have poor knowledge about the risk of pregnancy and prevention. Conclusion: Moderate and severe anemia during pregnancy significantly founded among woman with high- parity beside low income.

Keywords: Pregnant woman, Multiparity, Moderate, Severe, Prevention.

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Cite This Article:

Faiza A.N and Saadia A.G. Types, Experience and Associated Factors of Anemia among Pregnant Women - 2018. Donnish Journal of Nursing and Midwifery 4(2) 2019 pp. 007-010.


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