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Donnish Journal of Research in Environmental Studies

April 2016 Vol. 3(2), pp. 008-016

Copyright 2016 Donnish Journals




Original Research Article


A Comparative Analysis of Safe Water and Sanitation in Selected Urban and Rural Areas of Osun State, Nigeria


Oyeniyi, S. O.1* and Oloyede J.O.2

1Faculty of Environmental Studies, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Osun State College of Technology, Esa-Oke, Osun State, Nigeria.
2School of Social Sciences, Department of Geography, Osun State College of Education, Ilesa. Osun State, Nigeria.

Corresponding Author's Email: Oyeniyisamson13@gmail.com

Accepted 2nd April, 2016.



Abstract


Water is an absolute necessity, yet, it can be a carrier of many diseases. Degradation of water quality is almost invariably the result of human activities like poor personal, domestic and community hygiene. This paper therefore examines and compares the quality of drinking water and sanitation in selected urban and rural areas of Osun Sate, Nigeria. Water samples were collected and analysed in a laboratory with a focus on physical, chemical and microbiological characteristics and the result compared with World Health Organisation (WHO) recommended standards. Invariably, the result compared favourably in respect of physical and chemical characteristics but failed to pass microbiological tests of safe drinking water. A total of 200 questionnaires were administered to the residents to access necessary information on drinking water and sanitation situation in the study areas. After comparing them, the study revealed a measure of differences in drinking water qualities and sanitation situation in the study areas, furthermore, the study discovered that poor drinking water qualities are a direct consequence of poor sanitation. The paper therefore, recommended better water and sanitation policy, immediate as well as long-term remedies. The paper will be of immense benefit to policy makers, city planners, international and local aid agencies as well as ordinary citizens.

Keywords: Comparison, Safe water, Sanitation, Parameters, Rural and urban areas.

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Cite This Article:

Oyeniyi, S. O. and Oloyede J.O. A Comparative Analysis of Safe Water and Sanitation in Selected Urban and Rural Areas of Osun State, Nigeria. Donnish Journal of Research in Environmental Studies 3(2) 2016 pp. 008-016.


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